Pune Bicycle Plan

N/A

Amount Raised

N/A

Total Investors

Project Overview

The Pune Bicycle Plan envisages, creation of city-wide cycling infrastructure including around 825 Km of cycle tracks and lanes, and dedicated cycle parking stations in the form of road markings (painted cycle track), integration with transit to facilitate sustainable mobility in an effort to create healthier lifestyles in the city. In addition to this, the bicycle plan also proposes to implement a public bicycle sharing system with around 13,000 cycles by 2031.

Sectors

  • Transport & Mobility
US$42,000,000
Funding Goal
India
Country
Asia and the Pacific
Region

Objectives

The objective of the project is to increase the modal share of cycling from the current 3% to 25%, by the year 2031. Apart from this, the project specifies several aims of public participation, outreach, institutional strengthening, behavior change, multi modal integration and bicycle promotion.

Progress Tracker

Phases

  • Phase 1 (Completed)

    includes creation of Cycle track network (123km segregated cycle tracks, 40km of cycle lanes & 53 km of greenways), which includes addressing high risk segments, missing links, retrofit existing tracks, and Public Bicycle System with 4,700 cycles starting with high demand locations as well as setting up institutional systems, enforcement mechanisms, and roll out of public engagement and promotion plan. The project aims to implement 471 km of cycle friendly streets and total 13,100 public bicycles and continued efforts of bicycle promotions.

  • Phase 2

Current Stage

Construction: Break ground on project

Timeline

Yes.

Project Milestones

There are two phases of the project. The city has already started to construct segregated cycle tracks under phase I. Phase I started around 2018 and it is for 5 years under which 123km of segregated cycle tracks, 40km of cycle lanes & 53km of greenways will be constructed along with public bicycle system with 4,700 cycles.

ESG Impact

By providing safe, comfortable and coherent cycling infrastructure, the bicycle can become a mode of choice in Pune. Increase in bicycling in the city, replacing motorized modes is expected to directly improve people’s health and well-being, and reduce pollution. Visible actions by the Pune Municipal Corporation to implement the Bicycle Plan can help build public trust, creating a conducive environment for all sustainable mobility projects. While the entire city is covered by the Bicycle Plan, considering the demographics and the appropriate age-group for cycling, about 50% of the population, that is about 15 lakh people can potentially benefit. The specific targets for shift to cycling are:

  • Age-group of up to 50 years, and specifically for conversion of their trips up to 5 km by motorized modes
  • Users of public transport, to whom public bicycle share as well as cycle stands near bus stops can provide first and last mile connectivity (there is 11% mode share of public transport)
  • People who are walking long distances in the absence of any other affordable and convenient mode, who can benefit from public bicycle share services The surveys conducted during preparation of the Pune Bicycle Plan show that the segments of population most likely to benefit are those that already cycle, and consist of students, women and elderly people.

The main reasons they have given for choosing or using cycling as their mode of transport are:

  • Affordability
  • Independence and convenience of use
  • Environment-friendly option

Beneficiaries

Population between 15 to 50 year of all genders are major beneficiaries of this project which is almost 1.5mil. Approximately 0.5 mil students of the educational hub Pune will be benefitted by the project. While the entire city is covered by the Bicycle Plan, the surveys conducted during preparation of the Pune Bicycle Plan show that the segments of population most likely to benefit are those that already cycle, and consist of students, women and elderly people. The main reasons they have given for choosing or using cycling as their mode of transport are:

  • Affordability
  • Independence and convenience of use
  • Environment-friendly option

In addition, beneficiaries include:

  • Users of public transport, to whom public bicycle share as well as cycle stands near bus stops can provide first and last mile connectivity (mode share of public transport is 11%)
  • People who are walking long distances in the absence of any other affordable and convenient mode, who can benefit from public bicycle share services.

SDG Goals

SDG 1: No PovertySDG 2: Zero HungerSDG 3: Good Health and Well-beingSDG 4: Quality EducationSDG 5: Gender EqualitySDG 6: Clean Water and SanitationSDG 7: Affordable and Clean EnergySDG 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthSDG 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureSDG 10: Reduced InequalitySDG 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesSDG 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionSDG 13: Climate ActionSDG 14: Life Below WaterSDG 15: Life on LandSDG 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsSDG 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goals

Rationale

SDG 11 – Sustainable Cities and Communities

Targets to make cities sustainable. It involves investment in public transport. Creating green public spaces and improving urban planning and management in participatory and inclusive ways. On similar lines, the bicycle plan aims to provide bicycle sharing system as a ‘personal public transport’, creating of green ways and cycle tracks. The public participation, outreach and promotion activities target to involve citizens in the process.

Risks and Limitations

What are the key risks, constraints and dependencies related to the project?

  1. The project requires continued political and administrative support
  2. The project needs’road diet’ in terms of reducing the width of motor vehicle lanes on certain roads. It may result in opposition by motor vehicle users
  3. The project needs strong enforcement to avoid encroachment on cycle tracks by motor vehicles- especially motorized two wheeler

Risk mitigation and continuity

There were several changes in the government since the preparation of (comprehensive mobility plan) of the city in 2007. The CMP highlighted the need to promote bicycle mode. The bicycle plan was created and submitted for approval in late 2017. The CMP has been approved by the general body of PMC as well as bicycle plan has also been approved by the General Body of PMC. Different political parties were heading PMC during these two proposals, which shows the commitment by all major political parties to promote sustainable transport in the city.

Financing

Type of Investment

Debt

Financing Structure

Public Private Partnership

Secured Investment

Creating a well-designed cycle track network will contribute to safer cycling environment, directly contributing to the goal of reducing crashes and fatalities, identified in SDG 3.6. Goal number 11 targets to make cities sustainable. It involves investment in public transport. Creating green public spaces and improving urban planning and management in participatory and inclusive ways. On similar lines, the bicycle plan aims to provide bicycle sharing system as a ‘personal public transport’, creating of greenways and cycle tracks. The public participation, outreach and promotion activities target to involve citizens in the process.

Committed Government Funding

Yes. 61,000,000

National and Subnational Investors

Preparation of project report was funded by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA, former Ministry of Urban Development, of Government of India) in 2018. In addition, Rs 92 lakh(0.1 mil USD) funds are made available by MoHUA in 2019 under the aim to improve air quality and environment. Also, Pune Municipal Corporation has made budget investment of Rs 16.8 Cr (2.3mil USD) for implementation of cycle plan and 407.3 Cr (56.9mil USD) for complete streets which includes creation of cycle tracks along with footpath, bus rapid transit while building or retrofitting roads in 2019-20 budget.the budget timeline is April 2018 to March 2019. The Pune Smart City Development Corporation Ltd has plans to make Rs 10Cr (1.3mil USD) of capital investment for public bicycle sharing system till 2020.

Committed Private Funding

N/A

Support

Technical Support Required

Technical capacity enhancement about bicycle inclusive planning and infrastructure development, of staff in all the PMC departments related to mobility. The 4th generation PBS systems had provided about 8000 cycles in 2018. However, most vendors have now withdrawn services. The PMC’s PBS policy states the government commitment to provide public share bicycles. The appropriate model may evolve over time. The technical assistance needed is in conscious experimentation and innovation, to set up a Public Bicycle Share Cell or entity within PMC, through which to develop an appropriate management and financial model that incrementally provide bicycles across the city as a public service. Strengthening coordination mechanisms and operating procedures within the PMC and with related institutional actors responsible for regulation, enforcement, public transit, including through ongoing integrated strategic planning, and knowledge and data management, and suitable infrastructure creation, such as bicycle parking, and regulation and management of bicycle infrastructure. Ongoing public engagement mechanisms that assist in on-ground implementation.

Stakeholders

Governmental Buy-in

Yes. Other.

Other Forms of Governmental Support

The Municipal corporation has created a separate bicycle department for implementation of the project. the bicycle advisory committee of local civil societies and experts which was created during the project preparation is still functional and involved in supporting implementation. The PMC has also started bicycle promotion activities in the city for awareness. The city is also in the process of hiring an international expert for capacity building of PMC staff.

National Ministries Involved

Mr Narendra Salunke, Head of Bicycle Dept, Pune Municipal Corporation

SubNational Ministries Involved

Mr Aniruddha Pawaskar, Chief Engineer, Roads, Pune Municipal Corporation
Ms Sanskriti Menon, Center for Environment Education, Member of bicycle plan report preparation team
Ranjit Gadgil & Harshad Abhyankar, Members of Bicycle Advisory Committee of PMC,
Ms Pranjali Deshpande, Urban Planner, Co Author of Urban Street Design Guidelines, Pune Municipal Corporation

Other Entities Involved

Mr Aniruddha Pawaskar, Chief Engineer, Roads, Pune Municipal Corporation
Ms Sanskriti Menon, Center for Environment Education, Member of bicycle plan report preparation team
Ranjit Gadgil & Harshad Abhyankar, Members of Bicycle Advisory Committee of PMC
Ms Pranjali Deshpande, Urban Planner, Co Author of Urban Street Design Guidelines, Pune Municipal Corporation

Licenses and Permits

Yes

N/A

Updates

  • 10th February 2020

    Cities Investment Platform in progress - updates pending

  • 10th February 2020

    Project featured on the Cities Investment Platform, which was launched at the Tenth Session of the World Urban Forum (WUF10)

Supporting Documents

No supporting documents included.

FAQs

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *