Bo Municipality Urban Development Project


Amount Raised


Total Investors

Project Overview

The proposed Bo Municipality Urban Development Project is based on Growth Pole Concept. It will transform Bo Municipality through spatial planning into regional capital for regional trade, investment and business in the South-Eastern Economic Zone. The project will improve the urban infrastructure and service delivery by investing in urban design and planning; waste management; storm water drainage; urban mobility and transport infrastructure; urban economic system and disaster management.


  • Energy
  • Roads & Bridges
  • Transport & Mobility
  • Urban Infill & Public Space
  • Waste Management
  • Water & Sanitation
Funding Goal
Sierra Leone


The specific project development objectives include (i) develop and implement a spatial development masterplan for Bo Municipality, (ii) improve public infrastructure to support urban service delivery in Bo Municipality with the view to attract responsible investment in the South-Eastern Economic Zones, (iii) Improve institutional capacity and governance performance of the local councils to create an enabling business environment for potential investment in Bo District.

Progress Tracker


  • Phase 1 (Completed)

    The project is at its concept stage. Preliminary pilot work had already begun to develop a rapid planning toolkit that will guide the planning for the city's urban extensions. Several urban plans were produced that identified future growth areas for urban development within the city. The toolkit developed will help provide guidance in the design and implementation of the Spatial Development for Bo Municipality in this project. Stakeholder engagement also completed with the institutional and implementation framework established.

Current Stage

Concept Stage: Specific projects are identified and conceptualized. There exists a basic economic model.



Project Milestones


ESG Impact



  1. Bo District with a target population of 617,618 people.
  2. South Coastal Economic Zone with a target population of 1.5 million people.
  3. Eastern Economic Zone with a target population of about 1.6 million people.
  4. Climate co-benefit. The proposed investments in urban infrastructure and service delivery will build climate resilience and disaster risk management capacity within Bo District.
  5. Gender mainstreaming. Improved urban infrastructures translate directly into women’s economic empowerment if a deliberate gender lens is taken during it identification, design and implementation. Improved transportation leads to increased women’s mobility and easy access to services such as hospitals, schools, and markets to sell their produce and to trade.
  6. Citizen engagement. The proposed project will advance citizen engagement in government programmes, particularly women, youth and CSos, through multi-stakeholder platforms and media networks. The existing grievance redress mechanisms, including alternative dispute redress mechanisms, will be assessed to address complaints under the project.

SDG Goals

SDG 1: No PovertySDG 2: Zero HungerSDG 3: Good Health and Well-beingSDG 4: Quality EducationSDG 5: Gender EqualitySDG 6: Clean Water and SanitationSDG 7: Affordable and Clean EnergySDG 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthSDG 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureSDG 10: Reduced InequalitySDG 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesSDG 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionSDG 13: Climate ActionSDG 14: Life Below WaterSDG 15: Life on LandSDG 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsSDG 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goals


SDG 1 – No Poverty

The project is based on the the growth pole concept that will transform Bo Municipality into a regional capital for trade, investment and business in the South-Eastern Economic Zones. Such investment will create thousand of job opportunities and revenue source, particularly of the low-medium income populations.

SDG 2 – Zero Hunger

Improved public physical infrastructure will attract investment in the agricultural sector, which boost agricultural production, and transport mobility improve access to markets for agricultural produce.

SDG 3 – Good health and well being

Improved public infrastructure will improve access to healthcare service delivery.

SDG 4 – Quality Education

Improved urban mobility will enhance access to schools.

SDG 5 – Gender Equality

Improved urban infrastructures translate directly into women’s economic empowerment if a deliberate gender lens is taken during it identification, design and implementation. Improved transportation leads to increased women’s mobility and easy access to services such as; hospitals, schools; and markets to sell their produce and to trade. Infrastructure provision and improvement reduces time women spend on domestic tasks and that time saved can then be utilized in other economic activities that transform women’s lives. The construction of new transport, markets, and alternative energy facilities yield new opportunities for labour market participation, including huge opportunities for women “crossing over” into male-dominated sectors. Reduced exposure to risk – the perceived and actual risk of gender-based violence (GBV) has a significant impact on women’s economic participation. There is a wide range of basic infrastructure linked to reductions in GBV (e.g., installation of streetlights, cameras increase women’s safety in cities). Increasing women’s representation in local government bodies can both boost these women’s own empowerment, and also ensure gender is made visible when changes to infrastructure/services are discussed and designed.

SDG 6 – Clean Water and Sanitation

The project will invest in waste management, and storm water drainage.

SDG 9 – Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

The project will improve the physical urban infrastructure and service delivery by investing in innovative urban design and planning; waste management; storm water drainage; urban mobility and transport infrastructure; urban economic system; and disaster management.

SDG 11 – Sustainable Cities and Communities

The project will design a National Spatial Development Plan that will the establishment of an integrated network for human settlements that are socially inclusive, environmentally resilient, and economical sustainable. It will address the urbanisation issues driven by urban-rural migration and rapid population growth by re-directing development efforts to the Provinces.

SDG 15 – Life on land

Well-planned settlements will improve effective land management and administration.

SDG 16 – Peace, Justice and Strong Institution

The project will improve the institutional capacity and governance performance of the local councils. A good governance will improve service delivery and enhance public confidence in public institutions. This will contribute to peace and cohesion.


Risks and Limitations

What are the key risks, constraints and dependencies related to the project?

  1. Overall Risk. There is a substantial level of risk related to macroeconomics, fiduciary, and environmental and social systems, with moderate risks for sector strategies and policies, technical design of the project, and stakeholders. Safeguards are also a risk, partly due to a lack of capacity, staff turn-over both at the centre, as well as the local level.
  2. Environment and Social Risk. There is good regulatory and institutional frameworks and systems in place which can manage environmental risks from the project. However, there is need to enhance staffing and resourcing, screening, sectoral guidelines, training and capacity building. Social risk of the project, however, is rated Substantial because of:
    • lack of clarity on the regulatory and institutional frameworks on resettlement, although a new Resettlement Policy is being developed;
    • inadequate capacity and support to manage social safeguards within the a MLHCP and LCs
    • (limited role of EPA on social aspect. The overall E & S risk of the program is therefore Substantial.
  3. Financial risk. Developing local capacity for effective service delivery and provision of quality services are key requirements for urban management. There are however a number of challenges. The Government has fiscal challenges and has sometimes released the allocations late to Local Councils (LCs) although it is a Constitutional requirement, and LCs are under-resourced to support such mega projects.

Risk mitigation and continuity

The project will put in place mitigating mechanisms to address risks with a focus on strengthening capacity of MLHCP to perform oversight and back-stopping functions to the LCs. The overarching measures to mitigate these risks will be first, approval by parliament with concurrence from Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development. Secondly, a series of institutional enhancement activities financed by the project to address capacity gaps at all three levels. Project is structured to incentivize (a) timely annual performance assessment and inter- governmental fiscal transfers, and (b) demonstrating Municipal management capacity including fiduciary and safeguards requirements. The capacity gaps identified in contract management and social safeguards at the central and local levels will also be strengthened through technical assistance and tailor-made capacity building activities, which will include, training, on-job support and mentoring. The MLHCP and the National Monitoring and Evaluation Department (NMED) will continuously monitor performance to ensure both anticipated and unanticipated risks are addressed.


Type of Investment


Financing Structure

Public Private Partnership

Secured Investment

No actual investment. Government has made strong commitment to partly finance the project.

Committed Government Funding

Yes. $2,000,000.00

National and Subnational Investors

Ministry of Finance, Government of Sierra Leone will provide USD 2Million as counterpart funding.

Committed Private Funding



Technical Support Required

Technical support in procurement, project management and financial management still required.


Governmental Buy-in

Yes. National Level, Subnational/regional level.

Other Forms of Governmental Support

The Government is willing to provide the enabling environment to ensure the effective implementation of the project, including but not limited to, legislative framework, effective monitoring and evaluation; and provide all permits required for project implementation.

National Ministries Involved

Ministry of Finance - Minister
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Country Planning - Minister
Ministry of Planning and Economic Development - Minister
Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development - Minister

SubNational Ministries Involved

Bo Municipality - Mayor and Chief Administrator
Bo District Council - Chairman and Chief Administrator

Other Entities Involved

Green Scenery - Executive Director
Sierra Leone Urban Research Centre - Executive Director

Licenses and Permits



  • 10th February 2020

    Cities Investment Platform in progress - updates pending

  • 10th February 2020

    Project featured on the Cities Investment Platform, which was launched at the Tenth Session of the World Urban Forum (WUF10)

Supporting Documents

No supporting documents included.



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